This page contains laws and regulations with regards to foreign investments as well as employment of labour in Pakistan.
Overview of Pakistani labour regulations
This webpage can serve as an overview of
labour regulations in Pakistan. Detailed information with regards to
leave, compensation, social security, and labour rights are
provided on the website.
Laws and regulations related to investments and management of businesses and factories
The law regulates all foreign investments in the country. Issues like taxation, regulation of foreign currency, and protection of investors’ rights are covered under the Act.
The Act regulates the hygiene and safety of factory environment, including ventilation, temperature, dust and fume, humidification, overcrowding, lighting, sanitary facilities, management of machinery, and protection from fumes, infectious diseases and dust etc. In addition, the Act controls working hours and paid holidays of adult workers, special provisions for young and child workers, as well as penalties of violating the law.
The Ordinance sets the number of public holidays and leaves, and working hours, calculation and payment of wage for employees in Pakistan. It also regulates the termination of employment and procedures of registration of establishments.
The Ordinance sets women’s right to maternity benefits and explains its relevant procedures. Penalties and prosecution of violation is also mentioned in the Ordinance.
The Act regulates the length of work, holidays, working environment of children workers, as well as inspections of establishments.
The rule supplements the Employment of Children Act (1991) and regulates the specifics with regards to working environment of child labourers. It also describes the obtainment of fitness certificate and registration of child workers.
The Act regulates the period and applicable deductions of wage payment of persons employed in industries.
The Ordinance protects the workers’ rights of to join and organize trade unions, as well as the right to collective bargaining. It also regulates the registration of trade unions and relevant procedures. The Ordinance also establishes mechanisms like shop steward, works council, conciliator to promote workers’ participation and maintain their relationships with employers. Strikes, both legal and illegal, and industrial disputes are also governed under this order. Labour Court issues are also covered by the Ordinance. In addition, penalties related the issues mentioned above are included.